You are allowed to claim one personal exemption for yourself and one for your spouse (if married). However, if somebody else can list you as a dependent on their tax return, you are not permitted to claim a personal exemption for yourself.
For tax year 2017, the personal exemption amount is $4,050.
The personal exemption amount “phases out” for taxpayers with higher incomes. The Personal Exemption Phaseout (PEP) thresholds are as follows:
Filing Status PEP Threshold Starts PEP Threshold Ends Single $261,500 $384,000 Married Filing Jointly $313,800 $436,300 Married Filing Separately $156,900 $218,150 Head of Household $287,650 $410,150
2017 Standard Deduction Amounts
There are two main types of tax deductions: the standard deduction and itemized deductions. You can claim one type of deduction on your tax return, but not both. For example, if you claim the standard deduction, you cannot itemize deductions – and vice versa (if you itemize deductions, you cannot claim the standard deduction). You are allowed to use whichever type of deduction results in the lowest tax.
The standard deduction is subtracted from your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), thereby reducing your taxable income. For tax year 2017, the standard deduction amounts are as follows:
Filing StatusStandard Deduction Single $6,350 Married Filing Jointly $12,700 Married Filing Separately $6,350 Head of Household $9,350 Qualifying Widow(er) $12,700
The additional standard deduction for people who have reached age 65 (or who are blind) is $1,250 for married taxpayers or $1,550 for unmarried taxpayers.
IRA and 401(k) Contribution Limits
For 2017, the contribution limit to Roth and traditional IRAs is unchanged at $5,500, with an additional catch-up contribution of $1,000 for people age 50 or older. The contribution limit for 401(k), 403(b), and most 457 plans is unchanged at $18,000, with an additional catch-up contribution of $6,000 for people age 50 or older. The maximum possible contribution for defined contribution plans (e.g., for a self-employed person with a sufficiently high income contributing to a SEP IRA) is increased to $54,000.
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